BG体育综合网页版必须培育BG体育综合网页版的花园


丹•罗宾逊

The last ten days appear to have shaken the world in general.  News junkies will have been aware of COVID-19 since the beginning of the year.  I made some long flights to and from in the US in late January, 我戴着口罩, 尽管美国只有几例确诊病例,拉丁美洲没有一例.  I was not the only one, perhaps 1 in 20 were doing it.  然而, 3月11日,世界卫生组织宣布正式爆发大流行,与此同时,全球股市开始下跌. 就在一两天前,玻利维亚发现了前两个阳性病例.  玻利维亚 announced the grounding of flights from Europe, with the last one arriving Friday the 13th in the morning.

I think that many around the world realized that “IT” had arrived.  玻利维亚过渡总统宣布了周一开始实施的全面措施, 3月16日.  With less than 10 confirmed cases nationally and no related deaths, 18:00到05:00的宵禁开始了.  工作日由8点缩短至13点,禁止城际、部门间陆路通行, 城市之间仍有一些航班. 从3月21日午夜开始,BG体育综合网页版进入了为期40天的“全面封锁”,.

The last few nights (with a muted interlude for Father´s Day), 我住在玻利维亚亚马逊的小镇比我住在这里25年来安静多了.  对许多人来说,恢复正常需要很长时间, and that normal may be very different from how things were two weeks ago.

食物将会变得稀缺

但直到3月20日,我才真正想到:食物将变得稀缺. It is going to be scarce in relative terms everywhere, and this scarcity will hit the most vulnerable soonest, 最长的, 和困难的. BG体育综合网页版不知道这种匮乏会持续多久.  当人们认为食物稀缺时,价格就会上涨,最贫穷的人就会变得更加脆弱.

在玻利维亚的情况下, the more successful the country is at “lowering the infection curve,“BG体育综合网页版的曲线是目前为止最低的, 这个国家关闭边境的时间越长,BG体育综合网页版的食品供应链就会被切断. 由于亚马逊河南部边缘相对广泛的大豆生产,该国在账面上是一个粮食净出口国.  然而, 大多数人每天吃的食物越来越多地来自秘鲁, 智利, 巴西, 和阿根廷, 这个顺序.  简单地说, over the last 14 years it has become much cheaper to import foods, 甚至BG体育综合网页版历史上的土豆, 而不是在乡下生产.  到目前为止,BG体育综合网页版所有邻国的“Covid-19曲线”都比玻利维亚更尖锐.  At what point will 玻利维亚 feel it can open its borders?

If supply chains are disrupted, these hard-won improvements could quickly erode.

今天《BG体育入口》刊登了一篇文章,引用了一位英国食品政策专家的话,标题是《BG体育综合网页版正处于严重的困境:另一场危机——BG体育综合网页版的食品供应》[1]. 以下是来自Tim的相关且及时的引用 [i]朗是 “BG体育综合网页版(英国)的准时制市场供应链非常脆弱,很容易崩溃, 一个枯竭的农业部门生产了BG体育综合网页版实际食用的大约50%的食物, leaving us at the mercies of the international markets, and production methods which are damaging to the environment and human health.”

在这个视图, 在2019冠状病毒病大流行的压力下,世界各地日益破碎的粮食生产和供应链体系将真正崩溃. BG体育综合网页版是否重建旧的, 破碎系统, 或者建立一个新的, 未经测试的系统, 即使不是几年,也是几个月之后.  与此同时, BG体育综合网页版社会中最脆弱的人, many of whom were food insecure in the system that we had up to two weeks ago, 正走向悬崖.  尽管在世界范围内, the percentage of people suffering from different forms and degrees of malnutrition has been dropping over the last three decades; these improvements are not locked in, 他们没有保证.  If supply chains are disrupted, these hard-won improvements could quickly erode.

My objectives are not to simply add to the doomsday talk.  相反,它们是为了提醒人们注意一个尚未得到广泛重视的问题,但也是为了敦促一种可能的, 部分解决方案:种植一个花园.

By one estimate, 88% of the world’s population lives north of the equator.  这意味着,对于世界上大多数人来说,现在是你应该开始自己的花园的时候, or helping other people to expand and tend to their gardens.  我认为,这与适当的社交距离以及人们获得新鲜空气和锻炼的需求是相容的.  如果我错了, 那么在接下来的几个月里,你至少可以吃到一些有营养的食物.

在这些坏消息不断增多的日子里, 社会距离, 检疫, 流感大流行, 可能会严重破坏食物链, 每一个有能力的人都需要什么, 去耕耘你的花园.

 

[1] http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/mar/22/tim-lang-interview-professor-of-food-policy-city-university-supply-chain-crisis?CMP = share_btn_fb&fbclid=IwAR2mgFeQ1eWI1RMcl-sGn_0m9B2O1T6Zmb2HW1kjI27obgg7y0vY6k578U0

改编自Dr .. 2020年3月22日,丹·罗宾逊.  丹 是一个agroecologist 谁在Rurrenabaque生活和耕作, 玻利维亚, the 玻利维亚n gateway to the Amazon and to Madidi National Park.  自2005年以来,他一直在BG体育入口任教,目前教授监控课程 & 评估和可持续社区.  他的完整博客,请访问 http://drobisonfarm.BLOGWebsite.com/2020/03/we-must-cultivate-our-garden_22.html

 

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